Senate Election Results

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Background

Majlis-e-Shura (the Parliament) consists of the President and two Houses, known respectively as the National Assembly and the Senate. The Senate was constituted for the first time in 1973 under Article 50 of the Constitution of Pakistan that stipulates a bi-cameral Parliament.

Senate Elections 2015

The term of half of the 104 members of the Senate expired on 11 March 2015. Election to fill 52 seats being vacated by Senators who were to retire in March was held on March 5, 2015.

Fifty of retiring Senators had completed their term of six years, whereas two Senators elected to seats reserved for non-Muslims retired after completion of term of three years.

It may be recalled that four seats for non-Muslim members were filled for the first time in election held in March, 2012. Half of them were to retire after three years and other half were to complete six years term. Election Commission drew lot to determine term of four Senators elected on seats reserved for non-Muslims. As a result thereof two Senators from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan retired in March, 2015 and those elected from Punjab and Sindh will complete six year term in 2018.

Four candidates from Sindh returned unopposed: two on the seats reserved for women and two on the seats reserved for Technocrats/Ulema.

The polling for rest of seats was held at Islamabad, Lahore, Karachi, Peshawar and Quetta. Most of seats were won by political parties as expected. There was no political upset or complaints about counting of votes. Only one appeal filed by a candidate from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is being dealt with by the Election Commission.

In pursuance of Article 59 of the Constitution, election of Senators from FATAs is held in the manner as the President may prescribe. Accordingly, the existing law is laying down that a voter (Member of National Assembly from FATAs) shall have as many votes as the number of seats to be filled. However, the President promulgated an Ordinance during the night preceding the polling day (March 5), which provided that a voter may vote only once irrespective of number of seats to be filled. This eleventh hour change was not acceptable to many voters and candidates. Even Election Commission found ambiguities in the new law. Hence, election of Senators from FATAs could not be held on March 5. The amendment was also assailed before Islamabad High Court. In the meantime, the Federal Government withdrew disputed Ordinance and election of four members of the Senate from FATAs was held on March 20, 2015. Result of this election has been notified provisionally by the Election Commission subject to decision of the Islamabad High Court on a Writ Petition pending before it.

Results

The details of seats bagged by political parties in March 2015 Senate election may be seen in the following table:

Province

Federal Capital

FATAs

Punjab

Sindh

KPK

Balochistan

Total

Party

PPP

0

0

0

7

1

0

8

PML-N

2

0

11

0

2

3

18

ANP

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

MQM

0

0

0

4

0

0

4

JUI-F

0

0

0

0

1

1

2

PTI

0

0

0

0

6

0

6

JI

0

0

0

0

1

0

1

National Party

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

PMAP

0

0

0

0

0

3

3

BNP(M)

0

0

0

0

0

1

1

Independent  

0

4

0

0

0

1

5

Total

2

4

11

11

12

12

52

After 2015 Senate election, Pakistan Peoples Party emerged as largest party in the Senate. It has now 27 Senators in the Senate (19 existing and 8 newly elected).

Final party position in 2015 Senate is as follows:

Party

No of Senators Elected in 2012

 No of Senators Elected in 2015

Total

PPP

19

8

27

PML-N

8

18

26

ANP

6

1

7

MQM

4

4

8

JUI-F

3

2

5

PML-Q

4

4

PTI

-

6

6

BNP-A

2

2

PMAP

-

3

3

BNP

-

1

1

NP

-

3

3

JI

-

1

1

PML-F

1

1

Independents

5

5

10

Total

52

52

104

Senate Seats in 2012 and in 2015

Party position after Senate election held in 2012 and in 2015, as given in the table below, shows major shift in the strength of some of political parties in the Upper House:

Party

Seats in 2012

Seats after 2015 Election

Increase/Decrease

PPP

41

27

-14

PML-N

14

26

+12

PML-Q

5

4

-1

MQM

7

8

+1

ANP

12

7

-5

PTI

0

6

+6

JUI-F

7

5

-2

BNP-Awami

4

2

-2

 JI

0

1

+1

BNP(M)

0

1

+1

PML-F

1

1

   0 

PKMAP

0

3

+3

National Party

1

3

+2

Independents

12

10

-2

 

Website of the Senate: www.senate.gov.pk